1. Hard Skin
skin is produced to protect areas subject to friction. In the
feet, this friction is caused by heightened activity, poor fitting
footwear or a malfunctioning foot. A certain amount of hard skin
is natural. Excessive amounts of hard skin may cause discomfort
ranging from aching to a burning sensation.
This excess hard
skin can be reduced to normal levels to alleviate the
Corns are areas of hard skin
produced by a constant localised pressure and friction. The
localised pressure causes the hard skin to form into a conical
shape that will give acute pain similar to the sensation of having
a sharp piece of gravel in the shoe.
Corns are removed and the
causing factor identified in order to prevent its return.
Nails become thickened for different reasons. It can
be the result of physical damage or a fungal infection. Thickened
nails can be reduced to relieve the pressure exerted by footwear
and to make them easier to maintain.
For fungal infections,
referral to a GP for prescription medicines may be required.
A virus causes verrucae and warts. A verruca can
show itself in different ways. The most common appearance is as a
small raised area of hard skin with little red or black dots. They
are often painful.
Cryosurgery is a fast and effective way of
treating verrucae and warts and is available at the surgery.
Athletes foot is a fungal infection that gains access
through broken skin. Feet in damp conditions such as swimming
baths and Gyms are prone to this.
If not treated, the fungal
infection can spread to the nails.
An ingrown toenail is a very painful condition.
The nail pierces the skin as a result of physical damage or maybe
a sharp edge has been left after cutting the nails. The break in
the skin can then let infection in.
Depending on the nature of
the condition, infection can be cleared up, sharp edges removed
and if necessary, a small section of nail can be removed to allow
the break in skin to heal before the nail grows back normally.
cause problems for lots of people. The toe joint becomes enlarged
and then the big toe deflects towards the other toes. This may
lead to the formation of corns and other symptoms, which can be
treated as normal
Chilblains are quite rare in this modern age
where the majority of houses have central heating.
the general care of feet should reduce the incidences of
Anybody with Diabetes
will have been told that they need to take special care of their
Simple problems with feet can turn into something more
severe if not attended to promptly. The main difficulty is that a
diabetic will not always be aware there is a potential problem.
Therefore, regular checks of the feet must be made by a qualified